In the Spring and Autumn Period, a farmer in the State of Song was one day working in the fields when he saw a rabbit bump into a tree stump(树桩) accidentally and break its neck.?


       The farmer took the rabbit home, and cooked himself a delicious meal. That night he thought, 'I needn't work so hard. All I have to do is wait for a rabbit each day by the stump.'?


       So from then on he gave up farming, and simply sat by the stump waiting for rabbits to come and run into it.


       寓意:This idiom satirizes(讽刺,挖苦) those who just wait for a stroke of luck, rather than making efforts to obtain what they need.






       掩耳盗铃Plugging One's Ears While Stealing a Bell





       Plugging One's Ears While Stealing a Bell

       During the Spring and Autumn period,Zhi Bo of the State of Jin destroyed Fan's family.Taking advantage of this occasion,a man went to Fan's house and tried to steal something.As soon as the man entered the gate,he saw that there hung a big bell in the courtyard.The bell was cast in high-quality bronza,and was beautiful in design and shape.The theif was very glad,and decided to carry this beautiful bell back home.But no matter how hard he tried,he could not move the bell,because the bell was both big and heavy.He thought and thought again,and believed there was only one way to solve the problem.He had to break the bell to pieces before he was able to carry them back to his home separately.

       The thief found a big iron hammer,with which he struck the bell with all his might.The striking produced an enormous crashing sound,which might.The striking produced an enormous crashing sound,which made the thief terribly frightened.The thief got flurried,thinking that it was too bad to have produced the crashiing sound which would himself on the bell,trying to muffle the crashing sound with his arms.But how could the crashing sound of the bell be muffled?The crashing sound still kept drifting melodiously to distant places.The more he listened to the sound,the more frightened hw became.He xubconsciously shrank back,and covered his ears hard with his hands."Hey,the sound becomes fainter,inaudible,"the thief became cheerful at once," wonderful!The sound of the bell can not be heard when the ears are covered."He immediately got some odd bits of cloth,made two rolls with them,and had his ears plugged with the two cloth rolls.He thought that in this way nobody could hear the sound of the bell.Feeling relieved,he began striking the bell,one blow after another.The resounding sound of the bell was heard at distant places,and finally people caught the thief by gracing the sound.

       This story comes from"Knowing Yourself" in The Annals by Buwei,written just before the Qin Dynasty(221-207 B.C.)was founded.Allegedly,when Li Yuan,Emperor Gao Zu of the Tang Dynasty(618-907),read this story,he felt it simply ridiculous and said,"This is what is called plugging one's ears while stealing a bell."

       Later,people have used the set phrase "plugging one's ears while stealing a bell" to refer to the ignorance and foolishness of the person who deceives himself as well as others.


       Peaches and Plums Do Not Have to Talk, Yet the World Beats a Path to Them--Natural Attraction(桃李不言,下自成蹊)

        Duing the Western Han Dynasty(206 B.C.- A.D.24)Period, there was a very famous general whose name was Li Guang. He was very brave and skillful in battle, and had fought more than seventy battles with the Huns, an ancient nationality in China.Having made brilliant achievements in war, he was deeply loved and esteemed by the officers and men as well as the common people. However,he did not claim credit for himself and become arrogant,although he held a high post,commanding a big army,and had rendered outstanding service in defending the county. He was not only polite and amiable, but also shared weal and woe with the soldiers. He always had the troops under his commandat heart,and whenever gifts were bestowed to him by the imperial ,he distributed the gifts to his officers and men. When marching, he endured the torments of hunger and thirst as the soldiers did when food and water were in short supply. When fighting, he charged at the head of his men,and ,when he gave the order,every soldier advanced bravely to engage in fighting,not fearing death.

        When the sad news of the heath of General Li Guang reached the militaty camp,the officers and men of the whole army wept bitterly.





       亡羊补牢------Mend the fold after the sheep have been stolen

       守株待兔------Wait every day under the tree, in the hope that a hare would kill itself by crashing into a tree trunk

       坐井观天------Limited outlook

       程门立雪------Stand in the snow to wait upon Master Cheng respectfully


       完璧归赵------To return a thing intact to its owner

       负荆请罪------To offer a humble apology

       凿壁借光------Bore a hole on the wall in order to get some light from the neighbour's house

       乐不思蜀------Have much enjoyment and forget to go back home

       草木皆兵------State of extreme nervousness

       马革裹尸------Die on the battlefield

       闻鸡起舞------Rise up upon hearing the crow of a rooster and practise with the sword

       买椟还珠------Show lack of judgment

       南辕北辙------Act in a way that defeats one 's purpose



       sài wēng shī mǎ

       lit. the old man lost his horse, but it all turned out for the best (idiom)

       fig. a blessing in disguise

       it’s an ill wind that blows nobody any good